Vaccines

COVID-19 Vaccines
 
All of the COVID-19 vaccines approved in Canada are highly effective in preventing serious illness, hospitalization, and death due to COVID-19. They are safe, reliable, and can help protect you, your family, and our community from COVID-19. 

 The vaccination:

  • Works with your immune system to help protect you from SARSS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19
  • Is a safe and effective way to help build protection against the virus
  • Is voluntary, but strongly encouraged 

There is a chance that you may still get COVID-19 from another person after being vaccinated so it is important that we continue to follow public health measures such as physical distancing, wearing a mask, and staying home if you are sick. 

Authorized Vaccines 
Health Canada has conducted thorough and independent reviews and authorized the following vaccines for use in Canada:  

COVID-19 Vaccines and Indigenous Peoples

The Government of Canada is working to secure safe and effective vaccines to prevent COVID-19 for Indigenous peoples, and all of Canada. This is key to stopping the spread of COVID-19 adn resuming normal life.

Contact your local Friendship Centre about booking your vaccine. 

Book a Vaccine

The COVID-19 vaccine is saving lives. Vaccines do more than protect the people getting vaccinated, they also protect everyone around them. Book an appointment in your province or territory today: 

To learn more about the rollout in provinces and territories, click on the regions below.

Frequently Asked Questions

When am I fully vaccinated?  

You need to wait at least two full weeks after you have had your second dose, before you are fully vaccinated. This two-week period is the time where your body is building up its protection against the virus.  

 

Do I need to use a mask if I'm fully vaccinated? 

If you are in a setting where everyone is fully vaccinated, it is safe to remove your mask. Two weeks after your second dose, the risk of transmitting the virus is very low. 

  

However, we suggest continuing to follow your local public health orders. That means not hosting or attending indoor social gatherings with people outside your household if these rules are still in place. 

What are the long-term side effects of the vaccine? 

Any adverse side effects from vaccines almost always show up within the first two weeks, and certainly by the first two months. 

 

That's why health experts asked the US Food and Drug Administration to wait at least two months after trial participants had been inoculated before considering whether to give emergency authorization to Covid-19 vaccines.

Will the vaccine hurt my fertility? 

There is currently no evidence that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause fertility problems. 

 

The benefits of getting vaccinated if you're pregnant or trying to become pregnant far outweigh the risks, because pregnancy puts a person at higher risk for severe Covid-19 illness. 

Some research also suggests Covid-19 vaccines provide some level of protection to newborns. 

 

What if I don’t want to get the vaccine? 

Refusing the Covid-19 vaccine actually impacts a lot of people -- yourself, your loved ones, even the country as a whole 

 

First, vaccines aren't 100% effective. So even if your friends and family are vaccinated, but you're not vaccinated, you can still carry and spread the virus to your loved ones 

 

Second, it's a mistake to think everyone who wants a vaccine can get one. Some people are on cancer chemotherapy. They can't be vaccinated and they depend on the herd to protect them.

 

And third, by not being vaccinated, or being part of a reasonably sized group of people who are choosing not to get the vaccine, you're allowing the virus to continue to replicate. When it's allowed to continue to replicate, it will create mutations, which could then cause variants that are completely resistant to the immunity induced by natural infection or immunization.

 

I'm young and healthy, do I really need to get vaccinated? 

It's critical for young, healthy adults to get vaccinated.  

Young adults can get long-term Covid-19 complications. Plenty of young, healthy people have turned into Covid-19 "long-haulers.” 
 

Many have suffered chronic fatigue, chest pain, shortness of breath and brain fog months after their infection. 

 

Do I need to get the vaccines if I’ve already had Covid-19? 

Even if you've had coronavirus, you should still get vaccinated because the immunity you get from vaccination will likely be longer or stronger than the immunity you got after getting infected.

 

When it comes to the two-dose vaccines -- those from Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna -- people who have already had coronavirus should still get both doses. It's not clear how long protection after just one dose might last. 

 

We also don't know how long protection will last after having coronavirus, so you should still be fully vaccinated.  

 

Can you get Covid-19 from the vaccine? 

It's literally impossible to get Covid-19 from any of the vaccines used in Canada because none of them contain even a piece of real coronavirus. 

 

If I have an underlying condition, can I get a COVID-19 vaccine? 

People with underlying medical conditions can receive a COVID-19 vaccine as long as they have not had an immediate or severe allergic reaction to a COVID-19 vaccine or to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. Learn more about vaccination considerations for people with underlying medical conditions.

 

Vaccination is an important consideration for adults of any age with certain underlying medical conditions because they are at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. 

Related pages: 

·         Underlying Medical Conditions 

·         People at High Risk 

·         People with Allergies 

 

Do any of the COVID-19 vaccines shed or release any of their components? 

No. Vaccine shedding is the term used to describe the release or discharge of any of the vaccine components in or outside of the body. Vaccine shedding can only occur when a vaccine contains a weakened version of the virus.  
 

None of the vaccines authorized for use in Canada contain a live virus. Vaccine components are not shed by COVID-19 vaccines, so it is not possible for the any of the vaccine components to accumulate in the body’s tissue or organs, including the ovaries. 

 

The mRNA and viral vector vaccines are the two types of currently authorized COVID-19 vaccines available 

 

Is it safe for me to get a COVID-19 vaccine if I would like to have a baby one day? 

Yes. If you are trying to become pregnant now or want to get pregnant in the future, you may get a COVID-19 vaccine when one is available to you. 

There is currently no evidence that COVID-19 vaccination causes any problems with pregnancy, including the development of the placenta. In addition, there is no evidence that fertility problems are a side effect of any vaccine, including COVID-19 vaccines. 
 

Like all vaccines, scientists are studying COVID-19 vaccines carefully for side effects now and will continue to study them for many years. 

 

Will a COVID-19 vaccine alter my DNA? 

No. COVID-19 vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way. 

There are currently two types of COVID-19 vaccines that have been authorized and recommended for use in the United States: messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines and a viral vector vaccine. Both mRNA and viral vector COVID-19 vaccines deliver instructions (genetic material) to our cells to start building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. However, the material never enters the nucleus of the cell, which is where our DNA is kept. This means the genetic material in the vaccines cannot affect or interact with our DNA in any way. All COVID-19 vaccines work with the body’s natural defenses to safely develop immunity to disease. 

Is it safe for my child to get a COVID-19 vaccine? 

Yes. Studies show that COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. Similar to adults, children may have some side effects after COVID-19 vaccination. These side effects may affect their ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. Children 12 years and older are now eligible to get vaccinated against COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccines have been used under the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history, including studies in children 12 years and older. Your child cannot get COVID-19 from any COVID-19 vaccine. 

 

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Let's Stop COVID-19 poster  We're In This Together Poster  

Awareness Toolkit

COVID-19 Awareness Toolkit